Psychotherapy is a term used to describe interaction of treatment of a patient or number of patients that is therapeutic in nature. Generally the problems that are addressed by a psychotherapist are psychological and consequently there is a very broad spectrum in terms of the sort of issues that can be dealt with by psychotherapy.
The main aim of psychotherapy is to increase the patient’s well-being and happiness, which may have been compromised by an event or an illness.
There are a number of techniques that a psychotherapist may use in order to treat patients with psychotherapy. Some of the techniques used may include relationship counselling and building, interviews and dialogue.
Psychotherapy is also used to treat family groups and couples as well as individuals and consequently psychotherapy may manifest itself in group sessions in addition to one-on-one.
The aim of psychotherapy is obviously to deal with a patient’s psychological issues and subsequently much of the discipline is dominated by talking to the patient or patients and trying to understand their psychological issues as well as assisting them in overcoming them.
Psychotherapy concerns itself with the psychological well-being of the patient and consequently, there is no fixed date or originator as far as psychotherapy is concerned. Sigmund Freud could perhaps be categorised as one of the first true proponents of psychotherapy and therefore a psychotherapist – he used psychoanalysis in order to try and understand his patient’s specific issues. Although Freud is one of the first names that people will recognise in the field of psychotherapy; it has been going for a long time – the Greeks and Romans are believe to have participated in psychotherapy in order to treat patients. There a number of psychotherapy websites online that can provide readers with further information.
For a more detailed explanation of the therapeutic process and range of specialised areas, see Wikipedia’s page on pyschotherapy. Confidentiality and integrity is paramount, due to the sensitive nature of patient discussions and the potential vulnerabilities involved. Its is recommended that anyone seeking psychotherapy look for therapists who are registered with professional bodies such as the BACP or UKCP. These therapists will be bound by the Code of Ethics and Practice demanded by these professional bodies.